Tinnitus is an elusive health condition that is experienced by individuals. Commonly, this ailment involves roaring, whooshing, hissing, or ringing sound in one or both the years, known as tinnitus aurium, or sounds in the head, known as tinnitus cranii.
The pitch of the sound can be low as well as high and cane single, multi, or double tone noises with varying tonal quality. Tinnitus may result in constant or pulsing sounds that may progress gradually.
Types of Tinnitus
Tinnitus can of two types:
- Objective Tinnitus
It is an audible form of tinnitus which can be identified by simply listening with close proximity to the ear. Objective tinnitus occurs in less than 5% of the cases and is often resulted from muscular or vascular disorders.
This form of tinnitus is mainly known as pulsatile. In most of the cases, the patient is prescribed a surgical or medical treatment.
- Subjective Tinnitus
It is the form of tinnitus that is audible only to the patient. It occurs in more than 95% of the cases. Subjective tinnitus is a situation associated with ear disorder and mainly leads to hearing loss that is caused by the damage to cells or nerve near the ear.
Since this type of tinnitus results from the damage of cells or nerves, so it is possible that two people may show similar symptoms of tinnitus. The individual reaction suffering from this ailment depends largely on the severity of tinnitus. In such situation, individuals may show symptoms, such as:
- Feeling anxious or depressed
- Having difficulty in concentrating or sleeping
- Describing a correlation of the ailment with stress
- Reporting additional problems at work or even at home that may lead to distress caused by tinnitus
Sometimes it is difficult to identify that the emotional state of the individual existed due to tinnitus or due to any other ailment.
Common Symptoms of Tinnitus
Since tinnitus is involved to the annoying sensation of hearing the sound even when no external sound is played, so the common tinnitus symptoms that are applicable to both types of tinnitus are:
The noise can be continuous or intermittent and only the individual suffering from this disorder can hear it.
When to Seek a Doctor’s Advice?
Although tinnitus is not a severe problem, sometimes it becomes imperative to seek doctor’s advice, especially when the symptoms persist for longer time duration. Besides this the situations when you need to seek the advice of a doctor are:
- You experience symptoms of tinnitus along with a severe health problem, like high blood pressure or even underactive thyroid. But both these conditions are treatable.
- If the noise from tinnitus is accompanied by drainage or pain from the ear, such symptoms can be signs of an ear infection and hence appropriate medication is required for the same.
- If there is excessive noise accompanied with dizziness, then this can be a sign of Meniere’s disease or due to any neurological problem.
So, in all cases, you need to seek medical advice immediately.